cross


cross
   The many ways in which material representations of the cross, and the gesture of prayer and blessing called the Sign of the Cross, are used in official religious rituals need not be listed here. At the level of folk custom and belief, the cross functions as a powerful protection against evil, and hence as a way of ensuring luck. Children draw a cross on themselves with thumb or finger (generally licking it first) as a form of oath, saying 'Cross my heart and wish I may die!' To draw it on one's shoe is said to cure cramps, and revive a foot that has 'gone to sleep'; Coleridge recalled this from his schooldays, with the rhyme:
   Foot, foot, foot is fast asleep! Thumb, thumb, thumb in spittle we steep! Crosses three we make to ease us, Two for the thieves and one for Jesus!
   (Table Talk (1835), ii. 59)
   There are many references to marking bread-dough and cake mixtures with a cross before baking, to keep the Devil and witches away, so that they rise properly in cooking; other foods were sometimes protected in the same way. No witch could step over sticks or straws laid crossways, or enter through doors or chimneys where a cross had been carved; the symbol was therefore common on *witch posts and *threshold patterns.

A Dictionary of English folklore. . 2014.

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  • CROSS — {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres   Sigles de trois lettres AAA à DZZ EAA à HZZ IAA à LZZ MAA à PZZ QAA à TZZ UAA à XZZ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cross — [ krɔs ] n. m. • 1892; de cross country 1 ♦ Course à pied en terrain varié et difficile, avec des obstacles. Faire du cross. Champion de cross. ♢ Épreuve disputée sur un tel parcours. Disputer les cross de la saison. Fam. Parcours fait en courant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cross — (kr[o^]s), a. 1. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting. [1913 Webster] The cross refraction of the second prism. Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster] 2. Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cross — [krôs, kräs] n. [< ME cros & crois; cros < OE cros & ON kross, both < OIr cros < L crux (gen. crucis), a cross < IE * kreuk , extension of base * (s)ker , to turn, bend > L curvus; ME crois < OFr < L crux] 1. an upright… …   English World dictionary

  • Cross — (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise}, {Crux}.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross — (engl. = Kreuz) steht für: einen Familiennamen; Namensträger siehe Cross (Familienname) Cross (Boxen), eine Schlagtechnik beim Boxen Cross, beim Tennis ein diagonal geschlagener Ball The Cross, eine britische Band Crossrad ein Zwischen oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cross — ► NOUN 1) a mark, object, or figure formed by two short intersecting lines or pieces (+ or x). 2) an upright post with a transverse bar, as used in antiquity for crucifixion. 3) a cross shaped decoration awarded for bravery or indicating rank in… …   English terms dictionary

  • cross — cross·abil·i·ty; cross·able; cross·ette; cross·ite; cross·jack; cross·ly; cross·ness; cross·tie; cross·ways; cross·word·er; re·cross; un·cross; au·to·cross; cross·court; mo·to·cross; criss·cross; cross·er; in·ter·cross; poly·cross; cross·tied; …   English syllables

  • cross — I (disagree with) verb act in opposition to, argue, be opposed to, collide, conflict with, confront, confute, contend, contest, contradict, contravene, controvert, debate, defy, dispute, gainsay, homini obsistere, make a stand against, neutralize …   Law dictionary

  • Cross — Cross, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Crossed} (kr[o^]st; 115); p. pr. & vb. n. {Crossing}.] 1. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to cross the arms. [1913 Webster] 2. To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross the letter t …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cross.tv — Type Private Founded Vienna, Austria Founder Andreas Kisslinger Stefan Jager Headquarters …   Wikipedia